Abraxas

Abraxas (or Abrasax), subsumed within the varying spectrum of the Gnostic demiurge, the term not only applies to the adversarial emblem, but also is purported to carry the sum of the numerical value 365 (regarding the Greek letters α β ρ α ξ α ς). Quite a mystical context of arithmancy, as noted in the Greek Magical Papyri:

And tie the lead leaf to the figures with thread from the loom after making 365 knots while saying as you have learned, "ABRASAX, hold her fast!" (330, Hans Dieter Betz)

These words are followed by the specific instructions of placing it "as the sun is setting" besides the grave of the dead, a necromantic act of solar magic (similar to the "eye of the Sun" statement in Book 11 of The Odyssey). Thus, you have a mystifying focus of numbers alongside the chaotic quintessence of nature: Abraxas

Moreover, this is likewise the exact number of angels seen in the Apocryphon of John, which mentions the angelic/demonic involvement of the construction of the natural body (consistent with the Basilidian perspective). In other words, the "dust" of mankind and its association with the eons of corruption. Actually, the same number ties into traditional Enochian Magic, as "all the days of Enoch were 365 years" (Genesis 5:23), fitting to the seasonal "courses of the luminaries of heaven," as mentioned in the Book of Enoch itself (section III). 

In light of the association of Abraxas with the "Great Archon", the Septuagint reveals a particular connection with Moloch (Μολόχ). In the Hebraic Grimoire of Leviticus, passages mentioning Moloch מֹלֶךְ (Lev. 18:21; 20:2-5) are simply rendered as ἄρχων in the LXXthe exalted form seen in Jeremiah 32:35 where Moloch is noted as Baal (Βάαλ), the same term of Lordship applied to Yahweh in Nahum 1:2 ("Baal of fury" וּבַ֣עַל חֵמָ֑ה). The God of Israel (Yahweh, Yehvah) is also used synonymously with Moloch (Milcom, Malcham) in Zephaniah 1:5. This demiurge "Father" status (e.g. Isaiah 64:8) is also interesting in light of the exalted "Father Abraham" in Luke chapter 16. The "Αβρα" of Αβραξας is likewise rooted in the name Abraham (Αβραάμ), with his Gnostic emphasis on "Moses and the prophets" (Luke 16:31). In other words, this places Abraham on the side of Abraxas, and thus, the demiurgeas the Second Treatise of the Great Seth well illustrates via the derision of Moses.

Furthermore, The Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit mentions Abrasax among Gamaliel, Gabriel and Samlo (along with their consorts). He is associated with Life (in particular), which is previously linked with the will, the mind, and foreknowledge (not to mention incorruption). The Gnosticism is quite emphatic, as the unproclaimable Father is mentioned in light of the aeons (the pleroma of the lights, etc.). 

Abraxas is typically described as an anguiped figure (i.e. serpents for legs), similar to Typhon or Scythian Dracaena. As is the case with Leviathan, the serpent in ancient lore signifies the sea/water itself. The goddess Asherah (Athirat) is described as walking on the seaand this is an alchemical fusion of the legs and water, well illustrated via the anguipedIn other words, like Jesusan obvious solar deitywho is mentioned "walking on the sea" in the Gospels, a clear portrayal of the sun on the water. This is classic paganism, similar to Leviathan who "makes the deep to boil" (Job 41:31) or Yahweh who "walked through the sea" in the context of his horses (Habakkuk 3:15), fitting to the solar chariot (e.g. Helios, Sol, Surya). The common combination of Abraxas with the head of a rooster, a human body and serpent legs well points to the elements: air, earth, water, no doubt meshing into the alchemy of the matter. 

There is also the lion's head form of Abraxas. In fact, Basil Valentines Azoth depicts a fusion of the lion and bird via a devouring of the winged creature in a display of the lemniscate ouroboros. It is no wonder the Roman Limestone reveals the deity holding a caduceus therefore, as the intertwining well hints towards. This is no doubt of the same motif as Hermanubis, the Greco-Egyptian transmutation taking its course. 

Robert Anthony


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