In dealing often with mythological parallelism, I have noticed quite a repetitive mention of Zeitgeist (the 2007 film) over time. It is as if the people digging up the film (and dusting it off) never even bothered looking into the subject with much effort in the first place. Of course, the film rightly points out the connection between Christ and the sun (nothing out of the ordinary there), but such a point is not without conflict. Don't get me wrong, Zeitgeist serves as somewhat of an introduction into general solar mythology; yet, it also contains several blatant errors.

Besides the films "Orion's Belt" and "three kings" parallel being problematic (the text does not specify three kings, but rather, gold, frankincense, and myrrh; the correct "three"), it's jump back to Exodus and Moses is even worse. The narrator asserts that "the golden bull is Taurus the bull" (referring to the constellation). This is a ridiculous handling of the text however. Notice, the context of the bull in Exodus is not Taurus, but rather, sacred mountain worshipConnecting any random bull with Taurus is in opposition to the surrounding setting; doing things in this manner (carelessness) simply gives comparative religion a bad name. It is chaotic in nature, and meaningless in definition. Truthfully, Taurus is in connection with battle and war with Orion (e.g. David vs Goliath, Theseus vs Minotaur, Gilgamesh vs Humbaba, or the bull of heaven). The bull is not in that sort of context here in Exodus—it is in the context of Mount Sinai. The ram's "horn" is not connected with "the new age of aries the ram" (as the film claims), but rather, the mountain (see Exodus 19:13). Moses is horned in the context of the mountain (Exodus 34:29-30, 35). The altar of burnt offerings had horns on its four corners (Exodus 27:2); the relevance being that Mount Sinai is the "smoking mountain" (Exodus 19:18; Deut 4:11; 9:15; Psalm 144:5).

In summary, comparative mythology is a serious endeavour. Connecting random baseless parallels is not how it is done. A multiplicity of parallels are involved (regarding each motif), careful and sincere archaeological examination being the accurate method.

- Robert Anthony

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